Saturday, September 19, 2009

The crown jewels of health care cost-cutting

Ron Brownstein has an important post that details the substantial cost-control measures in the Baucus bill that led CBO to score it as a deficit reducer over the long term. The measures, Brownstein notes, center on two themes: "shifting the reimbursement model away from volume to value, and encouraging physicians to work more closely in teams to manage the overall health of patients, particularly those with expensive chronic conditions."

The Baucus bill would also create an empowered oversight commission, the "MedPAC on steroids" that Obama has emphasized as the chief mechanism for sifting, improving and expanding the cost control measures seeded in the bill. Brownstein:
The bill creates a second new institution that could be even more important: an independent Medicare Commission, as Obama has proposed. The commission would be required to offer proposals for cost-savings whenever Medicare spending rises too fast and Congress would be required to give their proposals fast-track consideration. The commission would likely become a vehicle to move into law the most promising payment and coordinated care reforms that emerge from the tests and pilot programs that the bill's other provisions set in motion. "If it develops into a respected independent body it could be one of the most significant parts of this legislation," said the senior administration officials. "I think that's the most auspicious path forward for promoting fundamental reform."
Compare Obama, speaking to Washington Post editor Fred Hiatt in July:
At this point, I am confident that both the House and the Senate bills will contain what we've been calling MedPAC on steroids, the idea that you continually present new ideas to change incentives, change the delivery system, understanding that because this is such a complex system we're not always going to get it exactly right the first time, and that there have to be a series of modifications over the course of a series of years, and we have to take that out of politics and make sure that an independent board of medical experts and health economists are providing packages that are continually improving the system. So I think there's general consensus that that is one of two very powerful levers to bend the cost curve.
Note the gradualism. That's not pusillanimity; it's recognition that our current payment system is a huge battleship that can only be turned by degrees. Compare Atul Gawande, who did so much to spotlight payment incentives as a core driver of health care inflation:
McAllen and other cities like it have to be weaned away from their untenably fragmented, quantity-driven systems of health care, step by step. And that will mean rewarding doctors and hospitals if they band together to form Grand Junction-like accountable-care organizations, in which doctors collaborate to increase prevention and the quality of care, while discouraging overtreatment, undertreatment, and sheer profiteering. Under one approach, insurers—whether public or private—would allow clinicians who formed such organizations and met quality goals to keep half the savings they generate. Government could also shift regulatory burdens, and even malpractice liability, from the doctors to the organization. Other, sterner, approaches would penalize those who don’t form these organizations.

This will by necessity be an experiment. We will need to do in-depth research on what makes the best systems successful—the peer-review committees? recruiting more primary-care doctors and nurses? putting doctors on salary?—and disseminate what we learn. Congress has provided vital funding for research that compares the effectiveness of different treatments, and this should help reduce uncertainty about which treatments are best. But we also need to fund research that compares the effectiveness of different systems of care—to reduce our uncertainty about which systems work best for communities. These are empirical, not ideological, questions. And we would do well to form a national institute for health-care delivery, bringing together clinicians, hospitals, insurers, employers, and citizens to assess, regularly, the quality and the cost of our care, review the strategies that produce good results, and make clear recommendations for local systems.

Dramatic improvements and savings will take at least a decade...

Bending the health care cost curve is not the work of a day, or a single bill. There is a fair amount of consensus among Democrats about how to get the process started. Will the lobbyist-ridden legislative process gut the promising provisions drafted in Baucus's and other bills? Will Obama take a stand on these, as he didn't on the public option? Did he decide long ago that payment mechanisms were more important than insuring mechanisms?

2 comments:

  1. I believe we are talking about the otherwise named "MedPac on Steroids" here. And this is supposed to be a good thing? I can see insurance folks (I used to be one) already doubled over in laughter. Why?

    "MedPac on Steroids" AT BEST will apply ONLY to Medicare, Medicaid, and whatever public optoin might survive in the final bill. It will NOT apply to private insurers (who have other "cost control" plans in mind, as evidenced by their recent spate of aquisitions).

    Now what do you suppose doctors are going to do when they find themselves squeezed on some portion of their billings? We already know the answer to this from Medicaid, which already has a squeeze. Doctors will run away to the plans that squeeze less, which in this case will be private plans.

    Bingo. Insurers win (and laugh). Medicare recipients go nuts and toss the Dems out on their asses, which they will richly deserve for enacting what will become rationing for seniors.

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  2. As far as insurance cost, the solution is to allow insurance companies to compete nationwide, not just state-wide like now. Did you know as an insurance agent you need to get licensed in EVERY state you want to do business in. This is crazy and costly in the age of the internet. If we have a federation with all of its downsides such as crazy bills and crazy house speakers, why not implement its upsides as well, such as increased competition and lower prices.

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